List of recent publications


BOSLAND M.C. & BÄR A. Some functional characteristics of adrenal medullary tumours in aged male Wistar rats. Vet. Pathol., 21: 129-140 (1984).

ROE F.J.C. & BÄR A. Modulation of hormone-induced tumours by dietary factors. Livre jubilaire pour le cent-cinquantième anniversaire de la création de la chaire de toxicologie de la faculté de pharmacie de Paries et jubilé scientifique du Professeur René truhaut. Paris, 19: 953-957 (1984).

BÄR A. Safety assessment of polyol sweeteners - some aspects of toxicity. Food Chemistry, 16: 231-241 (1985).

BÄR A. & SCHNEIDER H. Fructose and misleading glycosylation data. Lancet, i: 57 (1985).

ROE F.J.C. & BÄR A. Enzootic and epizootic adrenal medullary proliferative disease of rats: influence of dietary factors which affect calcium absorption. Human Toxicol., 4: 27-52 (1985).

BAIS R., NAIRN J.M., POTEZNY N., ROFE A.M., CONYERS R.A.J. & BÄR A. Urinary glycolate measured by use of (S)-2-hydroxy-acid oxidase. Clin. Chem., 31: 710-713 (1985).

BÄR A. Urolithiasis and nephrocalcinosis in xylitol- and sorbitol-fed male mice of two different strains. Int. J. Vitam. Nutr. Res., Suppl., 28: 69-89 (1985).

BÄR A. Effect of high oral doses of xylitol versus sucrose on urinary risk factors of urolithiasis in man. Int. J. Vitam. Nutr. Res., Suppl., 28: 91-118 (1985).

BÄR A. Conversion of (U-13C)-xylitol and D-(U-13C)-glucose into urinary (1,2-13C)-glycollate and (1,2-13C)-oxalate in man. Int. J. Vitam. Nutr. Res., Suppl., 28: 119-133 (1985).

BÄR A. Xylitol. In:"Alternative Sweeteners". O'Brien L. & Gelardi C. (eds.), Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, p. 185-216 (1986).

BÄR A. Toxicological aspects of sugar alcohols - studies with xylitol. In: "Low digestibility carbohydrates". Leegwater D.C., Feron V.J. & Hermus R.J.J. (eds.), Pudoc, Wageningen, P. 42-50 (1987).

BÄR A. & LÖHLEIN D. Limited role of endogenous glycolate as oxalate precursor in xylitol-infused patients. Contr. Nephrol., 58: 160-163 (1987).

BÖSSMANN K., EBERLE G. & BÄR A. Die Bedeutung des Zuckeraustausches in der Kariesprophylaxe. Zahnärztl. Mitt., 18: 1949-1956 (1987).

BÄR A. Toxicological evaluation of sugar alcohols. In: "Sweeteners: Health effects". Williams G.M. (ed.), Princeton Scientific Publishing Co., Inc., Princeton, New Jersey, P. 225-233 (1988).

BÄR A. Caries prevention with xylitol. Wld. Rev. Nutr. Diet., 55: 183-209 (1988).

KANDELMAN D., BÄR A., & HEFTI A. Collaborative WHO xylitol field study in French Polynesia. Caries Res., 22: 1-10 (1988).

BÄR A. Sugars and adrenomedullary proliferative lesions: The effect of lactose and various polyalcohols. J. Am. Coll. Toxicol., 7: 71-81 (1988).

BÄR A. Significance and promotion of sugar substitution for the prevention of dental caries. Food Sci. Technol., 22: 46-53 (1989).

BÄR A., WÜRTZEN G. Assessing the use of additives in food: A reappraisal of the Danish budget method. Food Sci. Technol., 23: 193-302 (1990).

BÄR A., BORREGO F., BENAVENTE O., CASTILLO J. & DEL RIO J.A. Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone: Properties and applications. Food Sci. Technol., 23: 371-376 (1990).

BIRKHED D. & BÄR A. Sorbitol and dental caries. Wld. Rev. Nutr. Diet., 67: 1-36 (1990).

BÄR A. The European harmonization of regulations affecting indoor air quality. In: "Indoor Air Quality and Ventilation". Lunau F. & Reynolds G.L. (eds.), Publications Division, Selper Ltd., London, p. 23-30 (1990).

BÄR A. Factorial calculation model for the estimation of the physiological caloric value of polyols. Proc. Int. Symposium on Caloric Evaluation of Carbohydrates. Hosoya N. (ed.), The Japan Assoc. Dietetic & Enriched Foods, Tokyo, p. 209-257 (1990).

BORREGO F. & BÄR A. Neohesperidin DC ein langbekannter Süssstoff mit neuen Perspektiven. Food Technologie Magazin, 2 (3): 32-36 (1991).

BÄR A. Xylitol. In: "Alternative Sweeteners" - 2nd edition. O'Brien L. & Gelardi C. (eds.). Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, p. 349-379 (1991).

BÄR A. Toothfriendly sweets: The success of a joint industrial/academic public information campaign. Food Ingredients Europe: Conference Proceedings 1990, Düsseldorf Exhibition, 14-16 November 1990. Expoconsult Publishers. Maarssen, The Netherlands, p. 12-19 (1991).

BÄR A. Sugar alcohols in the diabetic diet. In: "Sugars and Sweeteners". Kretchmer N. & Hollenbeck C. (eds.). CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton FL, p. 131-150 (1991).

SINKELDAM E.J., WOUTERSEN R.A., HOLLANDERS V.M.H., TILL H.P., VAN GARDEREN-HOETMER A. & BÄR A. Subchronic and chronic toxicity/carcinogenicity feeding with studies with lactitol in rats. J. Am. Coll. Tox., 11: 165-188 (1992).

BÄR A. Significance of Leydig cell neoplasia in rats fed lactitol or lactose. J. Am. Coll. Tox., 11: 189-207 (1992).

TIL H.P., HOLLANDERS V.M.H., WOUTERSEN R.A. & BÄR A. Chronic toxicity and carcinogenicity study of lactitol in mice. J. Am. Coll. Tox., 11: 209-217 (1992).

TIL H.P., BOSLAND M.C., HOLLANDERS V.M.H. & BÄR A. Subchronic toxicity study of lactitol in dogs. J. Am. Coll. Tox., 11: 219-232 (1992).

SINKELDAM E.J., HOLLANDERS V.M.H., WOUTERSEN R.A., KOETER H.B.W.M. & BÄR A. Multigeneration reproduction study of lactitol in rats. J. Am. Coll. Tox., 11: 233-248 (1992).

KOETER H.B.W.M. & BÄR A. Embryotoxicity and teratogenicity studies with lactitol in rats. J. Am. Coll. Tox., 11: 249-257 (1992).

BÄR A. & BIERMANN CH. Intake of intense sweeteners in Germany. Zschr. Ernährungswiss., 31: 25-39 (1992).

BÄR A. European harmonisation of nutrition- and health-related claims on food labels and in advertising. In: "Food Ingredients Europe: Conference Proceedings 1992". Expoconsult Publishers, Maarssen, The Netherlands, p. 96-99 (1993).

BÄR A. Defining dietary fiber for nutrition labelling purposes: a nutritional/physiological approach. In: "Food Ingredients Europe: Conference Proceedings 1993". Expoconsult Publishers, Maarssen, The Netherlands, p. 165-181 (1993).

TEEUWEN H. & BÄR A. Defining dietary fibre for nutrition labelling purposes. Intl. Food Ingred., (1/2): 46-49 (1994).

BÄR A. "Toothfriendly": Achievements after 10 years and future prospects. In: "Sugarless - Towards the Year 2000". A.J. Rugg-Gunn (Ed.), Special Publication No. 144, Royal Society of Chemistry, p. 1-15 (1994).

BÄR A. & LINDLEY M. Nutritional and food-technological functions of partially depolymerised guaran. IFI, 6: 39-42 (1994).

BÄR A. & LINDLEY M. Use of a water-soluble, low-viscous galactomannan for calorie-reduced and fibre-enriched foods. In: "Food Ingredients Europe Conference Proceedings 1994", PPE, the Netherlands, p. 225-230 (1994).

BÄR A., TIL H.P., & TIMONEN M. Subchronic oral toxicity study with regular and enzymatically depolymerized sodium carboxymethyl cellulose in rats. Fd. Chem. Tox., 33 (11): 909-917 (1995).

BÄR A., VAN OMMEN B., & TIMONEN M. Metabolic disposition in rats of regular and enzymatically depolymerized sodium carboxymethyl cellulose. Fd. Chem. Tox., 33 (11): 901-907 (1995).

VAN OMMEN B., DE BIE B., & BÄR A. Disposition of 14 C-erythritol in germfree and conventional rats. Regul. Toxicol. Pharmacol., 24: 198-205 (1996).

TIL H.P., KUPER C.F., FALKE H.W. & BÄR A. Subchronic oral toxicity studies with erythritol in mice and rats. Regul. Toxicol. Pharmacol., 24: 221-231 (1996).

LINA B.A.R., BOS-KUIJPERS M.H.M., TIL H.P. & BÄR A. Chronic toxicity and carcinogenicity study of erythritol in rats. Regul. Toxicol. Pharmacol., 24: 264-279 (1996).

SMITS-VAN PROOIJE A.E., WAALKENS-BERENDSEN D.H., & BÄR A. Embryotoxicity and teratogenicity study with erythritol in rats. Regul. Toxicol. Pharmacol., 24: 232-236 (1996).

WAALKENS-BERENDSEN D.H., SMITS-VAN PROOIJE A.E., WIJNAND M.V.M. & BÄR A. Two-generation reproduction study of erythritol in rats. Regul. Toxicol. Pharmacol., 24: 237-246 (1996).

DONAUBAUER H.H., FUCHS H., LANGER K.H. & BÄR A. (1998). Subchronic intravenous toxicity studies with gamma-cyclodextrin in rats. Regul. Toxicol. Pharmacol., 27: 189-198 (1998).

LINA B.A.R. & BÄR A. (1998). Subchronic oral toxicity studies with gamma-cyclodextrin in rats. Regul. Toxicol. Pharmacol., 27: 178-188 (1998).

TIL H.P. & BÄR A. (1998). Subchronic (13-week) oral toxicity study with gamma-cyclodextrin in dogs. Regul. Toxicol. Pharmacol., 27: 159-165 (1998).

DE BIE A.T.H.J., VAN OMMEN B. & BÄR, A. (1998). Disposition of 14C-gamma-cyclodextrin in germfree and conventional rats. Regul. Toxicol. Pharmacol., 27: 150-158 (1998).

WAALKENS-BERENDSEN D.H. SMITS-VAN PROOIJE A.E. & Bär, A. (1998). Embryotoxicity and teratogenicity study with gamma-cyclodextrin in rabbits. Regul. Toxicol. Pharmacol., 27: 172-177 (1998).

WAALKENS-BERENDSEN D.H., VERHAGEN F.J.J. & BÄR, A. (1998). Embryotoxicity and teratogenicity study with gamma-cyclodextrin in rats. Regul. Toxicol. Pharmacol., 27: 166-171 (1998).

BÄR A. & LEEMAN W.R. (1998). L-Sorbose but not D-tagatose induces hemolysis of dog erythrocytes in vitro. Regul. Toxicol. Pharmacol., 29(2): 43-45

BÄR A., LINA B.A.R., DE GROOT D.M.G., DE BIE B. & APPEL M.J. (1999). Effects of D-tagatose on liver weight and glycogen content of rats. Regul. Toxicol. Pharmacol., 29(2): 11-28

KOUTSOU G.A., STOREY D.M. & BÄR A. (1999). Gastrointestinal tolerance of gamma-cyclodextrin in humans. Food Additives and Contaminants, 16: 313-317

BÄR A. (1999). Characteristics and significance of D-tagatose - induced liver enlargement in rats: an interpretative review. Regul. Toxicol. Pharmacol., 29(2): 83-93

MUNRO I.C., NEWBERNE P.M., YOUNG V.R. & BÄR A. Safety Assessment of -cyclodextrin, Regul. Pharmacol. Toxicol., 39 (Suppl. 1): 3-13 (2004).

LINA B.A.R. & BÄR A. Subchronic oral toxicity studies with -cyclodextrin in rats, Regul. Pharmacol. Toxicol., 39 (Suppl. 1): 14-26 (2004).

LINA B.A.R. & BÄR A. Subchronic (13-week) oral toxicity study of -cyclodextrin in dogs, Regul. Pharmacol. Toxicol., 39 (Suppl. 1): 27-33 (2004).

WALKENS-BERENDSEN D.H. & BÄR A. Embryotoxicity and teratogenicity study with -cyclodextrin in rats, Regul. Pharmacol. Toxicol., 39 (Suppl. 1): 34-39 (2004).

WALKENS-BERENDSEN D.H., SMITS-VAN PROIJE A.E. & BÄR A. Embryotoxicity and teratogenicity study with -cyclodextrin in rabbits, Regul. Pharmacol. Toxicol., 39 (Suppl. 1): 40-46 (2004).

BÄR A., KRUL C.A.M., JONKER D. & DE VOGEL N. Safety evaluation of an -cyclodextrin glycosyltranferase preparation, Regul. Pharmacol. Toxicol., 39 (Suppl. 1): 47-56 (2004).

VAN OMMEN B., DE BIE A.T.H.J. & BÄR A. Disposition of 14C- -cyclodextrin in germ-free and conventional rats, Regul. Pharmacol. Toxicol., 39 (Suppl. 1): 57-66 (2004).


List of Presentations Marquard Imfeld


Self medication in the European Community. From drugs to food supplements. International OTC Conference, Budapest, 28-29 September 1995.

European food colour regulations. 3rd Workshop on Food Safety and Harmonisation among China, Taipei and Hong Kong. Beijing, 30 April- 1 May 1996.

Regulatory and market situation of functional foods and food supplements in Europe. ILSI Functional Food Seminar. Tokio, 10 September 1997.

Food fortification in Europe. ILSI Workshop on Food Fortification. Beijing, 5-6 November 1997.

International regulatory trends in food fortification. 2nd Latin American Symposium on Food Science. UNICAMP Brazil, 10-14 November 1997.

Foods for infants and children in Europe. Alima-Gerber Seminar on Baby Foods. Warsaw, 15 April 1999.

Scientific-regulatory framework of functional foods in Europe. Alima-Gerber Seminar on Baby Foods. Warsaw, 15 June 1999.

Traditional versus Western functional foods. Seminar University Bern, 12 September 1999.

Pills, capsules, powders - foodstuffs or OTC drugs. How is it regulated in the EU? 1st International Symposium on the Harmonization of the Drug Registration. Istanbul, 15-16 November 2000.

New foods - foodstuffs or medicines? International Congress on Food Safety and Toxicology. Kuopio, 24-25 August 2001.

Functional food in Traditional Chinese Medicine. 26th Winterthur Conference of Medicine, Winterthur, 10 June 2004.

Harmonization of natural health products in Europe. 3rd Annual International Conference of British Columbia Functional Food & Nutraceutical Network, Vancouver, 28-29 October 2004.

M. Imfeld. Introduction to dietetics of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Swiss Journal of Medical Nutrition 1 p.2 (2006).

Euroforum Conference on food supplements - import and export hurdles in Switzerland. Berne, 24 August 2009.